Mailloux dit Desmoulins Pierre

Male 1635 - 1699

HomeHome    SearchSearch    PrintPrint    Login - User: anonymousLogin    BookmarkBookmark

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Birth  10 Nov 1635  Brie-sous-Matha, , Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • PRDB has st-pierre de brie-sous-matha, ev. saintes, saintonge (ar. st-jean-d'angely, charente-maritime)
    Christened  10 Nov 1635  Brie-sous-Matha, , Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Arrival  27 May 1657 
    • aboard the Madonna
    _UID  C5E5475069626C45B5AA4F429135FFA6186D 
    Died  9 Jun 1699  Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried  11 Jun 1699  Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID  I2968  Harnois
    Last Modified  1 Feb 2012 

    Father  Mailloux Jacques,   b. Abt 1607,   d. 5 Apr 1677, , , Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Arnaud Jeanne Suzanne Lerme,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married  Bef 10 Nov 1635 
    Family ID  F50  Group Sheet

    Family  Delaunay Anne,   b. 10 Jul 1635, La Rochelle, , Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Dec 1700, Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  23 Oct 1661  Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Children 
     1. Mailloux Joseph,   b. 25 Apr 1663, Beauport, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Dec 1702, Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Mailloux dit Desmoulins Noël,   b. 29 Mar 1666, Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Jan 1753, Beauport, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Mailloux Jean Baptiste,   b. 20 Sep 1668, Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Sep 1753, Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Mailloux dit Desmoulins Anne Marie,   b. 29 Nov 1670, Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Nov 1749, Hôpital Général de Québec, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Mailloux Marie,   b. 7 Jun 1673, Ste-Famille I.O., Sainte-Famille, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jun 1676, , , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Mailloux dit Desmoulins Pierre,   b. 12 Jan 1676, Île d'Orléans, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 May 1750, , , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  1 Feb 2012 
    Family ID  F46  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • New France welcomed two immigrants bearing the last name of Mailloux, Michel and Pierre. Two brothers from Brie-sous-Matha, today, in the Canton of Matha, the Arrondisement of Saint-Jean d'Angely, the Department of La Charente-Maritime, formerly Saintonge. They were the sons of the merchant Jacques Mailloux and Suzanne Arnaud. Michel and Pierre were baptized, at the church dedicated at Saint-Pierre. Michel, on the first of December 1641 and Pierre, on the November 10, 1635, under the first name of Jean. They had two known sisters. Suzanne, who was born, on June 14, 1633 and Marie, who came into the world, on September 4, 1644. Michel was married, in his native village, on February 9, 1659, to Jeanne Mercier, in the presence of the curate Mecheureuse. Michel and Jeanne came to Canada about 1669. As proof, Michel was confirmed, at Quebec, on April 8, 1670. In the census of 1681, the couple was living, in the Seigneurie of La Durantaye. Responsible for eight daughters, Michel did not leave his family name to descendants. The life of the elder brother, Pierre Mailloux, holds our attention in this chapter.

      - QUEBEC In France, Fabien Marot, was the Captain of the 150 ton ship LA VIERGE, hired Pierre Mailloux, on March 13, 1657, in the name of the Sieurs Antoine Lucas and Michel Jambon, to serve, in Canada. His promised salary for three years was 72 livres annually. The ship left La Rochelle, in April. It docked, at the port of Quebec, on Sunday, May 27, 1657, under the command of the same Fabien Marot. At the first opportunity, Pierre registered, his indenture contract, of March 13, in the records, of the Notary Guillaume Audouart, of Quebec. It is possible to cite Pierre's work schedule until the end of 1660. On December 27, of that year, Pierre dit Desmoulins, brought an arpent, of frontal land, on the boundary line, which separates the concession, in the village of Fargy, in the said Beauport. The purchase was made from Michel Belanger, probably Michel Belanger dit Le Prince, originally from Saint-Jean d'Angely, in Saintonge. Pierre promised to pay 40 livres tournois, when the ship comes back next year, in 1661. The witnesses to this purchase were Rene Dubois, Pierre Marcoux and Jean Crete. The latter signed with the large initials in the presence of the Notary Paul Vachon. Thus it was that, Pierre Mailloux became a resident of Beauport. No one has yet been able to figure out from where the surname Desmoulins (of the mill) came from.

      - ANNE DELAUNAY After four years in the Colony, Pierre was ready and able to set up his home. Along the way, he had met Anne Delaunay, baptized, in the Calvinist church of La Rochelle, on July 25, 1635, the daughter of Louis Delaunay, a doctor and Marguerite Cazalede and the grandaughter of Claude Delaunay, who was married, in the Protestant church of the same place, on March 21, 1580, to Anne Barbier. Anne's sister, Jeanne, was also married, at Quebec, on November 30, 1662, to Jean de Lespinasse. On September 21, 1661, Anne and Pierre appeared at the house of Jean de Lauzon, with the Notary Guillaume Audouart, to have their contract and promise of marriage drafted. Supporting the bride were Anne Gasnier, chaperone of the marriageable girls, who had come to the country, Jean Bourdon, Anne's husband, Jean Guyon and Paul Vachon. The lovebirds wanted to live in community property and to solemnize their union, in the Catholic church. Pierre offered a dowry of 200 livres. Anne and Pierre did not know how to write.
      The nuptial blessing was given by Father Charles de Lauzon-Charny, the son of the governor, Jean de Lauzon, who had been killed by the Iroquois the previous June 22. Attending the ceremony, as witnesses, were Paul de Rainville and Michel Baugis, both residents of Beauport. On August 18, 1664, Pierre and Anne decided to sell their farm, at Beauport, an area of 10 arpents, with a small barn and a cabin, six of them already under cultivation. The purchaser was Antoine Gaillou, an edgetool maker. The sale price was 300 livres. On the following August 25, they gave the buyer a receipt, on which it was written that, Michel still was owed 153 livres, 5 sols. Pierre had just discovered that, he was interested in buying or acquiring concessions and then reselling them later at a profit. On November 16, 1665, Pierre and Anne appeared together, at the cathedral of Quebec, with 16 other people to receive the sacrament of Confirmation from Msgr. de Laval.

      - CHARLESBOURG It seems that during this era, Pierre and his wife obtained a concession from the Jesuit Fathers, on the occasion of a sale in 1671. On the first of June, 1666, the Nursing Sisters ceded, to the Mailloux couple, a concession planted in standing trees and located at Pointe de Levis, on the Lauzon coast, bordered on one side by Jean Guay. Then, on March 28, 1667, Mathurin Cardin, a resident of the Seigneurie of Notre-Dame-des-Anges, sold a concession at La Petite-Auvergne, to Pierre, for a price of 50 livres tournois. In December 1667, on the 10th, Pierre Mailloux resold his land, at La Petite-Auvergne, to Mathurin Renaud. The net profit was 10 livres. The censustakers, in the winter of 1667, reported that, in the Seigneurie of Notre-Dame-des-Anges, the Mailloux family were living neat Isaac Bedard. They had an arpent of land under cultivation and two other arpents, on the land bought, from Mathurin Cardin. In spite of all this, the Mailloux couple lacked any liquid assets. On January 23, 1669, they obtained 50 livres tournois from the Jesuits, as a true and loyal loan. On March 2, 1671, the Mailloux family decided to leave Charlesbourg. Elie Jean dit Godon acquired their farm, of 40 arpents. Seven arpents were cleared by pickaxe, with a cabin and shed, 20 feet long and ready for a roof. The buyer offered 400 livres and 20 livres for a pot of wine. The notarized act states that, Pierre had obtained this concession from the Jesuits, without indicating the day or the year. Where did the Mailloux family then go to live ?

      - THE ILE d'ORLEANS On May 31, 1671, the notary, Gilles Rageot, was summoned to the parlor of the Nursing Sisters of Quebec, to settle the terms of a concession to Pierre Mailloux. Five nuns were present to ratify this donation of three arpents, in frontage, on the north side, in Argentenay. It was a concession of standing trees, with hunting and fishing rights. The conditions were : to build a house there ; to clear two arpents of land, in one year ; to pay an annual rent of 20 sols per arpent of frontage and 12 deniers for the cens. Obviously, for a son of a merchant and a daughter of a doctor, Pierre and Anne needed a lot of courage to begin again with nothing, to work a farm, in standing wood, on the Ile d'Orleans. The following autumn, on November 24, the nuns ceded another arpent and a half, of frontage, located along the first Mailloux land and with the same conditions. Note that, the three arpents of frontage ceded were not in Argentenay but in Lirec, the parish of Sainte Famille. This is why Msgr. de Laval, through his representative, Father Dudouyt, gave Pierre a new deed, on July 7, 1673. Elie Jean decided not to keep the land bought from Pierre Mailloux, at Charlesbourg. Perhaps it was poor quality. Gilles Rageot acquired it, on February 12, 1674, for 80 livres. The Mailloux family did not seem very pleased with life on the island. On January 22, 1676, the notary, Paul Vachon went to their house, to draw up a contract of sale, to Martin Guerard for their property. The latter promised to pay 150 livres, in 15 days. The neighbor, Germain Lepage, was not there as witness but, his brother, Louis, was. Martin signed with initials. To where did the Mailloux couple move their household this time ?

      - CITY OF QUEBEC To live in Quebec was to spend one's days in the capital near the businesses, the shops, the training schools, the diocese, the Hotel-Dieu, in short, where the elite of society held forth. Were Pierre and his family living on the island, in 1677 ? Probably not. On December 20, of that year, Anne and Pierre bought " from Antoine Cade, merchant and from Charlotte de La Combe, a piece of land with 30 feet in frontage on rue du Sault-au-Matelot and to a depth as far as the boundary line of the widow of Eustache Lambert adjoining on one side Michel Lecour. The notarized act did not note the presence of a house on this lot...Pierre promised to pay 240 livres tournois or an annual rent of 12 livres. In the census, of 1681, Pierre, for the first time said that, he was a sabotier (a maker and seller of wooden shoes-clogs). He lived in the Lower Town with his five children, who were between the ages of 6 and 19. On June 16, 1681, Marie Laurence, Eustache Lambert's widow, offered the Mailloux couple a concession of 4 arpents, in frontage, by 40 deep, located near the land of the landlady and that of Andre Bergeron, on the Lauzon coast. She kept for herself, the right to fish, on the frontage. There was a small house which, she would have removed when it " seems good to her". The rent was 20 sols per arpent, of frontage. Pierre annulled this contract seven years later, on June 20, 1688, in the presence of Gabriel Lambert, Nicolas Verieul and Pierre Asselin. Pierre, living on Rue du Sault-au-Matelot, was always looking for a good land deal. On August 8, 1683, Claude Bermen, Sieur de La Martiniere, the guardian of the minor children of Jean de Lauzon, offered Mailloux a concession located, today, in the territory of Saint-Romuald. It had 6 arpents, in frontage, to a depth of 40, with the right to fish and hunt. In the act of acquisition, signed by Notary Rageot, the seller admitted that, he had not found a tenant because, the cens and rents were high, 12 livres, 6 sols. He ceded the fishing for 7 livres, 6 sols and 3 deniers. Pierre was trying to make this acquisition profitable. However, on October 10, 1687, he relinquished the said land, its buildings and rights of way. Does the proverb " a rolling stone stone gathers no moss ", apply here ? Perhaps !

      - WITH THE CHANGE OF THE CENTURY From the point of finances, the Mailloux family, in the second generation, held their own. However, Our Ancestor, Pierre Mailloux, had many difficulties making ends meet, in his business. On August 22, 1691, he decided to sell to his son-in-law, Jean Dubois, half of his property on the Rue du Sault-au-Matelot, a neighbor to Vital Caron and Claude Baillif, an architect. The price asked was 800 livres. His property was worth 1,600 livres. It was said, in the document : " until the return of the said Mailloux from the said voyage which he hopes to make to France in the present." To see their native country again was the dream of many a colonist. Note that, the contract was never signed by Notary Rageot. Even though the heart, of a parent, seems to be a bottomless sea, their children are often unaware that, their pockets can be likened to a sieve. The Mailloux understood that, those responsible for life needed material aid. They helped them. This is what is implied in the act of donation which Pierre and Anne made to Pierre and Jean, on April, 2, 1699. They asked them to continue to help out. On the eve of the last summer, of the dying century, on Thursday, June 11, 1699, Pierre Mailloux was buried, at Quebec, in the presence of his family and the witnesses recorded in the registry : Jean Dubreuil, a sexton ; Jacques Michelson, a shoemaker and sexton. The pastor, Francois Dupre, presided at the funeral ceremony. Anne Delaunay did not long survive her husband, on the road to the Here After. She was buried, on Sunday, December 12, 1700, during the first winter of the new century. Pierre and Anne had been partners, in the trials and joys, on earth. They were partners again, in the eternal glory.

      LaForest, Thomas J., Our French-Canadian Ancestors Volume 29- Chapter 14- Page 139

  • Sources 
    1. [S17] Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles du Québec, Jetté, Réné, (University of Montreal Press, 1983), ISBN 2-7606-0645-5., p756 (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S73] Genealogical Dictionary of our Origins Volume1: 1608-1730, Denis Beauregard, (FrancoGene Productions; 1998).
      11-19-1635

    3. [S4] PRDH, Université de Montréal, ((http://www.genealogie.umontreal.ca : 2009)), ). (Reliability: 3).


Home Page |  What's New |  Most Wanted |  Surnames |  Photos |  Histories |  Documents |  Cemeteries |  Places |  Dates |  Reports |  Sources