Harnois Clément[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

Male 1845 - 1938

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  • Birth  13 Oct 1845  St-Thomas, Joliette, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9
    Christened  14 Oct 1845  St-Thomas, Joliette, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Arrival  1883  [2, 8, 9
    Arrival  1890 
    Residence  1891  Essex, , Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    Arrival  1904 
    Residence  1 Jun 1905  Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Residence  1906  Qu'Appelle, , Saskatchewan, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    Residence  1910  Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    Residence  1920  Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 13
    Residence  1930  Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [14
    _UID  1C850D4739934E95978B9096D9BFC982CFAA 
    Died  1938  Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I4358  Harnois
    Last Modified  1 Feb 2012 

    Father  Harnois Charles,   b. 19 Mar 1826, Ste-Elizabeth, Joliette, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother  Lafond Marie Julie,   b. 13 Nov 1825, Berthier-en-Haut, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Aug 1887, Saint Thomas de Joliette, Joliette, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  27 Aug 1844  Saint Thomas de Joliette, Joliette, Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F2213  Group Sheet

    Family 1  Masse Marguerite,   b. 7 Jun 1853, Berthier-en-Haut, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 May 1931, Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  1 May 1883  Sandwich, , Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [15, 16
    Children 
     1. Harnois Joseph Esdras,   b. 17 Feb 1885, Essex, , Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 May 1978, Ashland, Ashland, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Harnois Evangelist Joseph,   b. 13 Nov 1887, , , Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Feb 1955, Fort Steilacoom, Pierce, Washington, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Harnois Josephine Estella Delvina,   b. 5 May 1890, Essex, , Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Harnois Isaac,   b. 10 Aug 1891, , , Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Jan 1975, Ashland, Ashland, Wisconsin, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  1 Feb 2012 
    Family ID  F14  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Goulet Victoire,   b. Oct 1833, Ste-Elizabeth, Joliette, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1878 and 1883, Stoney Point, , Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  10 Oct 1865  St-Leonard-des-Parcs, Alençon, , Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Harnois Clemént Charles,   b. Oct 1871, Ste-Elizabeth, Joliette, , Québec, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified  1 Feb 2012 
    Family ID  F2278  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Clement Harnois family
    Clement Harnois family
    Front row: Evangelist, Clement, Isaac, Estelle, Marguerite
    Back row: Esdras, Charley

  • Notes 
    • The story of the Harnois family in Washburn spans the time from the days of the saw mills in Slab Town to the present Marina on the waterfront. Doubtless, the promise of work in the saw mills and pine woods drew many people to Washburn, some of whom left after a short time and others who stayed to become part of the city.

      One who came and eventually chose to stay was Clement Harnois. He arrived here in 1892, bringing with him his family consisting of his wife Marguerite, their four children, Esdras, Evangelist, Estelle and Issac, and a son by a former marriage, Charley. The four children of Clement and Marguerite had been born in Stoney Point, Ontario, from which area they came.

      Evidently, Clement and Charley soon found work in the logging camps and saw mills. Esdras, who was about seven or eight when they came, remembers in his childhood years walking out to the barrens to pick blueberries, and staying with his father in a logging camp near Headquarters. When he was ready to return, Charley, who was a brakeman on a logging train, would let him ride the train home.

      The Harnois family became devout members of the St. Louis Catholic church, and the children attended the St. Louis School. The parents spoke French, and were not able to read or write in English. Names on deeds were signed with x's and witnessed. The 1896-97 Washburn City Directory lists Clement Harnois (spelled Harwois - apparently the editors were not French) residing on Bigelow Street.

      As was the case with most laboring families, they kept livestock to help out with the food supply. In later years they had a cow, some chickens and a pig. They needed more space to raise hay for their cow so eventually purchased the family home at 1022 West Bayfield Street. Old receipts show payments on the house made to Dr. T. R. Spears in 1900 and 1901. The lots were apparently purchased from the county - one at a time - on tax title, from 1904 to 1914.

      At that time the main road went through Slabtown and there was no way to cross the ravine next to Tenth Avenue. Not until the death of Mrs. Clement Harnois, May 11, 1931, was Highway 13 established in its present location and the ravine filled in. It was said that Marguerite's first trip across the ravine was in the hearse. It would also be of interest to note that many years later Highway 13 had an additional impact on the house. On March 3, 1981, the house, which had been the family home for the Clement Harnois and later the Esdras Harnois family, was knocked down and burned to make room for the improvements in the highway that summer.

      By the early 1900's, the decline in the logging industry caused a scarcity of jobs in the area. At the same time there was a growing interest in agriculture. This may have influenced Clement Harnois to return to Canada in 1904, taking his sons Charley and Esdras with him. Clement and Charley homesteaded adjoining land in Saskatchewan. Esdras, who had to wait until he was 21 before he could file, homesteaded a few miles away. Charley remained in Canada. He married and had a son. Esdras remained and in 1908 married Lottie Pickthorn who was working in a cook shack for Charley's threshing crew. Joe, Arthur and Harold were all born in Canada.

      In the meantime, Marguerite was left home in Washburn to keep the rest of the family together and care for the livestock. Because the boys had grown up around the sawmills, it was natural they would look for work in that area. Apparently, both Evangelist and Isacc worked in the woods.
      Evangelist worked in local sawmills, logging camps and was brakeman on logging railroads and Great Northern Railroad. He enlisted in the Army Air Service in World War I on March 6, 1918, and was discharged January 25, 1919, after spending six months in the hospital recovering from injuries received when the plane he was navigating was shot down. Because of his health, he spent most of his remaining years in the South and West. He did not marry. He died in 1955 at the age of 67, and is buried in Calvary Cemetery in Washburn.

      Isaac also worked in logging camps. In a note to his brother, Esdras, written about 1905, he says, "I put in 65 working days but I quit yesterday and am going to Bayfield tomorrow. They want men all over to work. There was a foreman at Ashland last night and he was looking for men but he did not get a one so there ain't many men idle." Isaac left home before 1920 and spent most of his life in Chippewa Falls, coming back to Court Manor in Ashland where he spent his remaining years.

      Estelle was married to Emil Roberts in 1913, and lived in Washburn the rest of her life, raising a family of 11 children. During the early years of marriage she lived in the square house across the ravine from her parents. This house is now occupied by the Bob Bodins (1985).

      Clement returned to Washburn in 1912. He would have been 67 years of age at this time. To help with food supply and income, they raised raspberries in the ravine and continued to keep a cow, chickens and pigs. Clement cut hay with a hand scythe to feed the cow. Marguerite took in washings, sewed and made quilts. A velvet quilt which she made in later years is still in the Art Harnois family.

      By 1920, Clement and Marguerite were alone and in declining health, so the Esdras Harnois family returned from Canada. The boys attended the Garfield School for a few months while they were staying with their grandparents. Then the family moved to a farm north of the Wannebo Road next to the Lambert Bourgo place. The house consisted of two small rooms with a loft overhead and a lean-to shed. Although the house in town was insulated with sawdust, not even that much was present in the house on the farm. In the winter the snow would blow in between the cracks in the wall in the upstairs loft. Art and Harold slept downstairs in the winter but Joe stuck it out upstairs one year.

      While living on the farm the boys attended the Three Switch School and later the Progress School. Their teachers included Inez Urquhart (later Thornton) and Lena Holt. Esdras worked in the Box Factory until it closed and later went to Drummond and worked in the woods.

      In the late 1920's, the family moved in with their parents in order to care for them. Marguerite spent some time bedridden before her death in 1931, when she was nearly 78 years old. Clement lived a relatively active life until his death in 1938, just short of 93 years of age.

      By the time of the move the boys were working out for other people on farms in the area. Joe was the only one who finished high school. This was in 1928 and that fall he and his father went to Canada for the harvesting season. [17]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7] 1930 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network,Inc., 2002.Original data - United States of America, Bureau of theCensus. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.:National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626;), Year: 1930; Census Place: Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin; Roll: 2560; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 33; Image: 519.0. (Reliability: 3).
      Birth date: abt 1846Birth place: CanadaResidence date:1930Residence place: Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin
      http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=1930usfedcen&h=60039320&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

    2. [S30] 1910 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006. For details on the contents of the film numbers, visit the following NARA web page: NARA.Original data - United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Thirteenth Census of the Unit), Year: 1910; Census Place: Washburn Ward 6, Bayfield, Wisconsin; Roll: T624_1700; Page: 16B; Enumeration District: 37; Image: 607. (Reliability: 3).
      Birth date: abt 1846Birth place: FranceResidence date:1910Residence place: Washburn Ward 6, Bayfield, WisconsinArrivaldate: 1890Arrival place:
      http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=1910uscenindex&h=30541796&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

    3. [S10] Wisconsin State Censuses, 1895 and 1905, Ancestry.com., (Name: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The GenerationsNetwork,Inc., 2007.Original data - Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Census,1895Microfilm, 10 reels. Wisconsin Historical Society,Madison,Wisconsin.Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Census, 1905. Microfilm,44;).
      Birth date: abt 1846Birth place: CanadaResidence date: 1 Jun1905Residence place: Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin
      http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=wistatecen&h=1297723&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

    4. [S33] 1891 Census of Canada, Ancestry.com, (Name: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The GenerationsNetwork,Inc., 2008.Original data - Library and Archives Canada. CensusofCanada, 1891. RG31, T-6290 to T-6427. Library and ArchivesCanada,Ottawa, Canada.Original data: Library and Archives Canada.;).
      Birth date: abt 1845Birth place: QuebecResidence date:1891Residence place: Essex North, Ontario, Canada
      http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=1891canada&h=2099371&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

    5. [S29] Ontario, Canada Marriages, 1857-1924, Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton,Ontario,Canada), (Name: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The GenerationsNetwork,Inc., 2007.Original data - Ontario, Canada. RegistrationsofMarriages, 1869-1922. MS932, 695 reels. Archives of Ontario,Toronto,Ontario, Canada.Ontario, Canada. Division Registrar Vital St;), County: Canada; Number: ; Date: . (Reliability: 3).
      Birth date: abt 1845Birth place: St Thomas QMarriage date: 1 May1883Marriage place: EssexResidence date: Residence place: Ontario,Canada
      http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=ontariomarr1858-1899_ga&h=3388377&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

    6. [S77] 1906 Canada Census of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, Ancestry.com, (Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2006;), Database online. (Reliability: 3).
      Record for Clement Harnois

    7. [S10] Wisconsin State Censuses, 1895 and 1905, Ancestry.com., (Name: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The GenerationsNetwork,Inc., 2007.Original data - Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Census,1895Microfilm, 10 reels. Wisconsin Historical Society,Madison,Wisconsin.Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Census, 1905. Microfilm,44;).

    8. [S11] 1920 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. For details on the contents of the film numbers, visit the following NARA web page: NARA. Note: Enumeration Districts 819-839 on roll 323 (Chicago City.Original data - United States), Year: 1920; Census Place: Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin; Roll: T625_1976; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 38; Image: 1147. (Reliability: 3).
      Birth date: abt 1850Birth place: CanadaResidence date:1920Residence place: Washburn, Bayfield, WisconsinArrival date:1883Arrival place:
      http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=1920usfedcen&h=23611347&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

    9. [S77] 1906 Canada Census of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, Ancestry.com, (Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2006;).
      Birth date: abt 1846Birth place: OntarioResidence date:1906Residence place: Qu'appelle, Saskatchewan, CanadaArrival date:1904Arrival place:
      http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=sse&db=1906canada&h=2089845&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

    10. [S33] 1891 Census of Canada, Ancestry.com, (Name: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The GenerationsNetwork,Inc., 2008.Original data - Library and Archives Canada. CensusofCanada, 1891. RG31, T-6290 to T-6427. Library and ArchivesCanada,Ottawa, Canada.Original data: Library and Archives Canada.;).

    11. [S77] 1906 Canada Census of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, Ancestry.com, (Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2006;), Database online. (Reliability: 3).

    12. [S30] 1910 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006. For details on the contents of the film numbers, visit the following NARA web page: NARA.Original data - United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Thirteenth Census of the Unit), Year: 1910; Census Place: Washburn Ward 6, Bayfield, Wisconsin; Roll: T624_1700; Page: 16B; Enumeration District: 37; Image: 607. (Reliability: 3).

    13. [S29] Ontario, Canada Marriages, 1857-1924, Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton,Ontario,Canada), (Name: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The GenerationsNetwork,Inc., 2007.Original data - Ontario, Canada. RegistrationsofMarriages, 1869-1922. MS932, 695 reels. Archives of Ontario,Toronto,Ontario, Canada.Ontario, Canada. Division Registrar Vital St;), Database online. (Reliability: 3).
      Record for Clement Harnois

    14. [S7] 1930 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network,Inc., 2002.Original data - United States of America, Bureau of theCensus. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.:National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626;), Year: 1930; Census Place: Washburn, Bayfield, Wisconsin; Roll: 2560; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 33; Image: 519.0. (Reliability: 3).

    15. [S29] Ontario, Canada Marriages, 1857-1924, Ancestry.com and Genealogical Research Library (Brampton,Ontario,Canada), (Name: Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The GenerationsNetwork,Inc., 2007.Original data - Ontario, Canada. RegistrationsofMarriages, 1869-1922. MS932, 695 reels. Archives of Ontario,Toronto,Ontario, Canada.Ontario, Canada. Division Registrar Vital St;).

    16. [S5] Quebec Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967, Ancestry.com, (Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date:2008;).

    17. [S21] Washburn Pioneers, Cathryn R. Johnson, editor, (Washburn, Wisconsin: Bayfield County Publishing, 1986.), 79-82. (Reliability: 3).
      This section was written by Arthur and Ruth Harnois.


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